How to create a weather application using python

How to create a weather application using python

Weather application using python

Vasanth kumar k's photo
Vasanth kumar k
·Apr 25, 2022·

2 min read

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Table of contents

  • Introduction
  • Abstract
  • How this application works
  • How to get an open weather map API key
  • Headers
  • Function
  • Rest of the code

Introduction

Weather applications are used to find weather conditions in a certain region. In this blog, we are gonna see how to create a weather application using python

Abstract

To create a weather application using python

How this application works

First, it gets city information from the user then it will send API request to open the weather map.

How to get an open weather map API key

First, we have to visit => openweathermap.org/api . Then we have register a account . Then we have to go to =>openweathermap.org/price . Then get a free API key.

Headers

from tkinter import *
from PIL import ImageTk,Image
import requests
import json
import urllib.request

Tkinter is used for Graphical user interface PIL is used for images Requests is used for downloading information JSON is used to extract json data Urllib is used for api request

Function

def weather():
    global la
    global img1
    global mylabe0
    global glcolor
    mylabe0.grid_forget()

    api_request=requests.get("http://api.openweathermap.org/data/2.5/weather?q="+e.get()+"&appid=<<INSERT API KEY HERE>>")
    api=json.loads(api_request.content)
    icondata=api['weather'][0]['icon']
    path="C:/Users/New/Desktop/python projects/weather app/w1.png"
    urllib.request.urlretrieve("http://openweathermap.org/img/w/"+icondata+".png",path)
    img=Image.open("w1.png")
    resized=img.resize((120,120),Image.ANTIALIAS)
    img1=ImageTk.PhotoImage(resized)
    la=Label(image=img1,bg=glcolor)
    la.grid(row=3,column=0)
    temp=str(int(api['main']['temp']-273))+"°C"
    temp_feel="Feels like:"+str(int(api['main']['feels_like']-273))+"° C"
    temp_min="Temprature min:"+str(int(api['main']['temp_min']-273))+"° C"
    temp_max="Temprature max:"+str(int(api['main']['temp_max']-273))+"° C"
    humid="Humidity:"+str(int(api['main']['humidity']))
    desc=api['weather'][0]['description']
    mylabe0=Label(root,text=desc,bg=glcolor,fg="white",font=('arial',20))
    mylabe0.grid(row=5,column=0)

    mylabel=Label(root,text=temp,bg=glcolor,fg="white",font=('arial',40,'bold'))
    mylabel.grid(row=4,column=0)
    mylabel1=Label(root,text=temp_feel,bg=glcolor,fg="white",font=('arial',10))
    mylabel1.grid(row=6,column=0)
    mylabel2=Label(root,text=temp_min,bg=glcolor,fg="white",font=('arial',10))
    mylabel2.grid(row=7,column=0)
    mylabel3=Label(root,text=temp_max,bg=glcolor,fg="white",font=('arial',10))
    mylabel3.grid(row=8,column=0)
    mylabel4=Label(root,text=humid,bg=glcolor,fg="white",font=('arial',10))
    mylabel4.grid(row=9,column=0)

This function will give an API request to openweather map then after receiving back the API request information then it extracts the necessary details from it and download the weather icon for the application. Then display it in the application

Rest of the code

glcolor="green"
root=Tk()
root.configure(bg="green")
root.title("weather app")
root.iconbitmap('weather_128.ico')

img=Image.open("w1.png")
resized=img.resize((120,120),Image.ANTIALIAS)
img1=ImageTk.PhotoImage(resized)

la=Label(image=img1,bg=glcolor)
la.grid(row=3,column=0)

mylabe=Label(root,text="Enter your city name",bg=glcolor,fg="white")
mylabe.grid(row=0,column=0)
mylabe0=Label(root,text="",bg=glcolor,fg="white",font=('arial',20,'italic'))
mylabe0.grid(row=5,column=0)


e=Entry(root,width=40,bg=glcolor,fg="white")
e.grid(row=1,column=0,padx=10,pady=10)
but=Button(root,text="Enter",command=weather,bg=glcolor,fg="white")
but.grid(row=2,column=0)
root.mainloop()

First, we are having dummy image before any request as "w1.png" after any API request it will get overridden by the downloaded weather image. Labels are used to display information in the application and Entry, I used for getting information from the user.

Here is full code link:- github

Screenshot (213).pngopenweathermap.org/api

 
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